Knee replacement surgery is the most common joint replacement procedure. A person may be a candidate for knee replacement surgery if their knee has become stiff and painful or if the knee has developed an angular deformity. These include knock knee deformity (genu valgus) and bowlegged deformity (genu varus). An individual may also benefit from knee replacement surgery if their knee is preventing them from engaging in activities that are important to them and other non operative or operative treatments are not working.

When a knee replacement is performed, the bone and cartilage on the end of the thigh bone (femur) and top of the shin bone (tibia) are removed. This is performed using precise instruments to create surfaces that will accommodate the implant perfectly. Computer navigation and robotic technology have wonderfully improved our precision and made the results even more predicable.

A metal implant that is shaped like our natural femur is placed on the femur. A metal tray and plastic insert are implanted on top of the tibia. The underneath surface of the patella or kneecap is also removed and replaced with a plastic button. Now as the new knee moves, only specialized plastic moves against the new metal femoral component and pain is relieved.

Knee Replacement Surgical Types

Total Knee Replacement
 A total knee replacement also called total knee arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in which the worn out or damaged surfaces of the knee are removed and replaced with artificial parts (…)
Partial Knee Replacement
Unicondylar knee replacement simply means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision than would normally be used for a total knee replacement surgeryy (…)
Custom Knee
TheConforMIS iTotal CR is an individualized patient specific implant for replacement of all the three compartments of the knee. It is thus most appropriate for patients with knee arthritis (…)
Revision Knee
The knee is made up of four bones. The femur or thighbone is the bone connecting the hip to the knee. The tibia or shinbone connects the knee to the ankle. The patella (kneecap) (…)

What to Expect! Your Hospital Stay.

Pre Operative
• Pre Operative Joint Class
• Medical Clearance
• Blood Donation
• Continue your Medicines?
Post Operative
Following the surgery rehabilitation begins immediately. A physical therapist will teach you specific exercises to strengthen your leg and restore knee (…)
Risks (Knee Replacement)
As with any major surgery there are potential risks involved. The decision to proceed with the surgery is made because the advantages of surgery outweigh (…)

Surgical Approach and Technology

Surgical Approach
Total knee replacements are preformed through an incision on the front of the knee. There are different surgical approaches to handle the soft tissue and extensor mechanism (…)
Computer Navigation
The life of a Knee implant can be extended by precise alignment of the implant and this can be achieved by the use of computer navigation for total knee replacement surgery (…)
Robotic Surgery
The RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System features three dimensional pre-surgical planning. During surgery, the RIO® provides the surgeon with real-time visual feedback (…)

Non-Operative Treatments

Anti-rheumatic Drugs
Anti-rhuematic drugs include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) (…)
Steroid Shots
These injections of steroids are given directly into the affected joint for severe pain when use of NSAIDs does not bring much relief. Steroids are very strong anti-inflammatory (…)
Lubricating Protein
Protein shots are injections of hyaluronic acid injected into the affected arthritic joint. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring lubricating substance (…)
Additional Supplements
Chrondroitin sulphate and glucosamine are naturally occurring substances in the body that prevent degradation of cartilage and promote formation of new cartilage (…)
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